Hazrat Allama Sayyed Sulaiman Nadwi R A / حضرت علامہ سید سلمان نِدویؒ

September 6, 2018

Hazrat Allama Sayyed Sulaiman Nadwi R A / حضرت علامہ سید سُلیمان نِدویؒ

Sulaiman Nadvi (Urdu: سید سلیمان ندوی‬‎ —Sayyd Sulaimān Nadwī; 22 November 1884 – 22 November 1953) was a Pakistani historian, biographer, littérateur and scholar of Islam. He co-authored Sirat-un-Nabi and wrote Khutbat-e-Madras. Maulana Sulaiman Nadvi was the founding member of Jamia Millia Islamia (A Central University) situated in New Delhi, India. He was elected as the member of the foundation committee headed by Mahmood Hasan which was met on 29 October in 1920 in Aligarh in United Province, British India.

Nadvi was born on 22 November 1884 in then British India).

Sayyed Sulaiman Nadwi R A

سید سلیمان ندویؒ روس مسعود اور علامہ مُحمد اقبالؒ کے ساتھ افغانستان میں

His father, Hakeem Sayyed Abul Hasan was a Sufi.

His first teachers were Khalifa Anwar Ali of Desna and Maqsood Ali of Ookhdi. Later he received his education both from his elder brother, Hakeem Sayyed Abu Habeeb and his father. His father was a physician at Islampur near Patna and was a highly respected person in the local community. In 1899, he went to Phulwari Sharif (Bihar) where he became a disciple of Maulana Mohiuddin and Sulaiman Phulwari. From there, he went to Darbhanga where he studied for a few months at Madrasa-e-Imdadia.

In 1901, he was admitted into Darul-uloom Nadwatul Ulama at Lucknow. He studied for seven years at Nadva. He was also appointed sub-editor of the journal, An-Nadwa. His first article, Waqt (Time) was published in the monthly Urdu Journal Makhzan edited by Abdul Qadir. Maulana Shibli Nomani came to Lucknow and was appointed as ‘Secretary of Nadva’. Sulaiman Nadvi was highly influenced by Maulana Shibli Nomani at Lucknow. In 1906, he graduated from Nadva. In 1908, Nadvi was appointed as an instructor of Modern Arabic and Theology at Dar-ul-Uloom Nadva. His contemporary at Nadva was none other than Maulana Abul Kalam Azad who had come from Calcutta and also joined the Nadva. Both Sulaiman Nadvi and Abul Kalam Azad were favorite pupils of Maulana Shibli Nomani. Maulana Sulaiman Nadvi was later destined to become one of the great biographers of the Holy Prophet of Islam and a great historian during his own lifetime.

Aligarh Muslim University conferred on him the honorary degree of Doctorate of Literature (DLitt) in 1941.

In 1910, Shibli Nomani began writing Sirat-un-Nabi in Urdu, but died before completing it. After Nomani’s death in 1914, Nadvi left his position as a professor at Deccan College, Pune and traveled to Azamgarh. There he edited and published the two first volumes of Sirat-un-Nabi penned by Nomani, and completed the remaining four volumes himself. The work was initially funded by Sultan Jehan Begum of Bhopal, and later by Nizam of Hyderabad.

In October and November 1925, Nadvi delivered a series of eight lectures on the life Muhammad at Madras. These lectures were later published as Khutbat-e-Madras.

In 1933, he published one of his major works, Khayyam. The nucleus of this book was an article on noted Persian scholar and poet Omar Khayyam.

In 1940, he published Rahmat-e-Aalam, a children’s book about Muhammad.

Nadvi, along with others who favored Hindu-Muslim unity in British India, suggested that the term “Urdu” be abandoned in favour of “Hindustani” because the former conjured up the image of a military conquest and war whereas the latter had no such symbolic baggage.

Nadvi founded Dar-ul-Mosannefeen (Academy of Authors), also known as the Shibli Academy, at Azamgarh. The first book published there was Ard-ul-Quran (2 volumes).

One of Sulaiman Nadvi’s biographers writes,”He is scholarly and objective in his treatment of history, which appeals more to the mind than to the heart. “

In June 1950 (after the partition of India), Nadvi moved to Pakistan and settled in Karachi. He was appointed Chairman of Taleemat-e-Islami Board to advise on the Islamic aspects of Pakistan’s constitution. He died on 22 November 1953 in Karachi at the age of 69.

List of some of the most famous Books of Hazrat Sayyed Sulaiman Nadvi .

  • Sirat-un-Nabi (Life of the Holy Prophet) by first Shibli Nomani, the teacher of Sulaiman Nadvi. Shibli started writing this book, which was later finished by Sulaiman Nadvi after Shibli's death in 1914
  • Ardh al-Quran
  • Seerat-e-Aisha R A / سیرتِ عائشہ رضی اللہُ عنہا
  • Durûs-ul-Adab
  • Khutbat-e-Madras
  • Rahmat-e-Aalam
  • Naqûsh-e-Sulaimân
  • Hayât Imâm Mâlik
  • Ahl-us-Sunnah-wal-Jamâ'ah
  • Yâd-e-Raftagân
  • Barîd Farang
  • Seir-e-Afghânistân
  • Maqâlât-e-Sulaimân
  • Khayyam (about the contributions of Omar Khayyam, published in 1933)[1]
  • Hayat-e-Shibli (1943)

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